Bharat and Rest
Swami, Scientist, Industrialist and ....
What happens when a Hindu Swami meets one of the biggest Indian businessmen?
You have the following four options:
1. Swami gives sermon
2. Swami asks for donation
3. Businessman asks for some boon
4. World class institute is born
Well, friends I know you would have answered it right.
World class institute is born.
In the above case - Bharateeya Vigyaan Sanstha (Indian Institute of Science) Bangalore
During a chance meeting between Jamshetji Nusserwanji Tata and Swami Vivekananda on a ship in 1893, Tata talked about his plans of bringing steel industry to India. Swami Vivekananda advised him to bring the knowledge as well. Tata wrote to Vivekananda five years later, "I trust, you remember me as a fellow-traveller on your voyage from Japan to Chicago. I very much recall at this moment your views on the growth of the ascetic spirit in Bharat... I recall these ideas in connection with my scheme of Research Institute of Science for Bharat, of which you have doubtless heard or read." Impressed by Swami Vivekananda's views on science, and leadership abilities, Jamshetji Tata had wanted him to guide his campaign.
Let's Look at another scenario.
What happens when a Hindu Swami meets one of the biggest Indian Scientist ?
You have the following four options:
1. Swami gives sermon
3. Scientist asks for some boon
2. Swami and scientist debate
4. India gets its first patent in USA
Well, friends again I know you would have again answered it right.
India and Indian Scientist get's its first patent in USA.
In this case - Prof. Jagdish Chandra Bose became first Indian to get a US patent
The inventor of "Wireless Telecommunications", Bose was not interested in patenting his invention. In his Friday Evening Discourse at the Royal Institution, London, he made public his construction of the coherer. Thus 'The Electric Engineer' expressed "surprise that no secret was at anytime made as to its construction, so that it has been open to all the world to adopt it for practical and possibly moneymaking purposes." Bose declined an offer from a wireless apparatus manufacturer for signing a remunerative agreement. It might be interesting to note here that although J. C. Bose did not see the merit of patenting, Swami Vivekananda disagreed. However, prior to his trip to USA, Swami Vivekananda visited Prof. J. C. Bose and tried to convince him to patent this invention of his. Since he knew that it would be futile to try convincing him do such an act, he instead made copies of this ground breaking work and carried it with him to USA. Besides, delivering his world famous talk at the conference on World Religions, Swami Vivekananda asked one of his disciples, Sara Chapman Bull, with help from Sister Nivedita to file a patent application for "detector for electrical disturbances" in the absence of Sir J. C. Bose. The application was filed on 30 September 1901 and it was granted as US 755840 on 29 March 1904 (http://www.google.co.in/patents/us755840). He was first Indian to get a US Patent. This act of Swami Vivekananda has finally garnered an Indian scientist with the recognition for being one of the founding fathers of wireless communication. Prof. J. C. Bose never visited USA.
| Thomas Alva Edison (1847 - 1931) was first to start electrical utility industry with DC service (1882). AC technology (1886), developed by Westinghouse, was much more flexible and economic. It seriously threatened Edison's hold on electrical utility market. Edison realized this and planned to raise the issue of harmful effects of AC. In 1887, Edison conducted demonstration in West Orange, New Jersey, in which he killed large numbers of cats and dogs by luring the animals onto a metal plate wired to a 1,000 volt AC generator in order to link AC current with electrocution!.
Helen Ellerbe wrote: "In the West, Christianity has distanced humanity from Nature. As people came to perceive God as a singular supremacy detached from the physical world, they lost their reverence for nature."
Not only nature, West distanced itself from other living beings as well.
|J. C. Bose. Jagdish Chandra Bose (1858 - 1937) was the first physicist who began an examination of life in inorganic matter (metals and certain rocks). He designed "coherer", to detect radio waves and concluded that metals have feelings and memory. He also showed that plants too have life. The plant, with its roots, was dipped in a vessel containing bromide, a poison. The plant's pulse beat, which the instrument recorded, began to grow unsteady and then stopped. The plant had died. He invented, crescograph, to measure plant response.
Aurobindo said: "We speak of the evolution of Life in Matter, the evolution of Mind in Matter; but evolution is a word which merely states the phenomenon without explaining it. For there seems to be no reason why Life should evolve out of material elements or Mind out of living form, unless we accept the Vedantic solution that Life is already involved in Matter and Mind in Life because in essence Matter is a form of veiled Life, Life a form of veiled Consciousness."
One was killing animal to market his product;
Other was making instrument to measure life in plant.
Neither the difference nor the story ends here. Let's look at the following table;
| Thomas Edison was an incredibly successful inventor, scientist, and businessman, accumulating 1,093 patents in his lifetime.
Although the man from Milton, Ohio purchased many of his patents and is falsely credited with others (like the lightbulb), he was responsible for many useful creations.
Thomas Edison did not try 10,000 times before inventing the light bulb, nor did he labor in a dusty workshop by himself.
David Burkus in his book "The Myths of Creativity" debunks the popular tale of Edison and what he calls the "lone creator myth." In the case of Edison, Burkus argues that the famous creator didn't invent the light bulb so much as perfect it, with the muscle of a massive publicity machine behind him. Edison's main laboratory, built in a rural New Jersey town called Menlo Park, was famous for generating more than 400 patents in just six years.
What's less well known, Burkus claims, is that Edison worked with a team of 14 or so engineers, machinists, and physicists - collectively known as "muckers." "The muckers at Menlo Park were such a fertile source of ideas that it seems odd that their presence is typically dropped from the story," Burkus writes. "But this isn't a coincidence. It was by design."
In short, the muckers created Edison, the archetypal inventor.
Burkus is not the first to challenge the lone creator ideology. In a July 2011 paper, "The Myth of the Sole Inventor," Stanford Law School professor Mark A. Lemley disputed the invention stories of Edison, Alexander Graham Bell, Samuel Morse, and Eli Whitney.
Edison, Lemley writes, "did not 'invent' the light bulb in any meaningful sense." "What Edison really did well," Lemley argues, "was commercialize the invention."
While Lemley and Berkus do not agree on all the specifics, they are fundamentally in agreement on two points:
(1) that Edison's work on the lightbulb depended on the contributions of others, and
(2) that his success was linked to the commercialization of a product more than its actual invention.
|Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose was a polymath,
physicist, biologist, botanist, archaeologist, as well as an early writer of science fiction.
On Lord Ripon's request, Sir Alfred Croft, the Director of Public Instruction, appointed Bose officiating professor of physics in Presidency College. The principal, C. H. Tawney, protested against the appointment but had to accept it.
Bose was not provided with facilities for research. On the contrary, he was a 'victim of racialism' with regard to his salary. In those days, an Indian professor was paid Rs. 200 per month, while his European counterpart received Rs. 300 per month. Since Bose was officiating, he was offered a salary of only Rs. 100 per month. As a form of protest, Bose refused to accept the salary cheque and continued his teaching assignment for three years without accepting any salary. After time, the Director of Public Instruction and the Principal of the Presidency College relented, and Bose's appointment was made permanent with retrospective effect. He was given the full salary for the previous three years in a lump sum.
Presidency College lacked a proper laboratory. Bose had to conduct his research in a small 24-square-foot (2.2 m2) room. He devised equipment for the research with the help of one untrained tinsmith. Sister Nivedita wrote, "I was horrified to find the way in which a great worker could be subjected to continuous annoyance and petty difficulties ... The college routine was made as arduous as possible for him, so that he could not have the time he needed for investigation." After his daily grind, he carried out his research far into the night, in a small room in his college.
Moreover, the policy of the British government for its colonies was not conducive to attempts at original research. Bose spent his own money for making experimental equipment. Within a decade of his joining Presidency College, he emerged a pioneer in the incipient research field of wireless waves.
Sir J. C. Bose invented the Mercury Coherer (together with the telephone receiver) used by Guglielmo Marconi to receive the radio signal in his first transatlantic radio communication. Guglielmo Marconi was celebrated worldwide for this achievement, but the fact that the receiver was invented by Bose was totally concealed.
For more on J C Bose work visit http://web.mit.edu/varun_ag/www/bose
Reader is free to draw his/her own conclusions.
Will bring more such gems as and when I get a friend who can support this initiative.
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